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Wednesday, November 27 • 10:45 - 11:15
What is Open Education? Part 1: Are MOOCs Open Educational Resources? A literature review on history, definitions and typologies of OER and MOOCs

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Open Education has changed many times over the last decades: After a first boom in the middle of the last century, there was a decline in interest.

In our current century, Open Education gained more popularity through the introduction of Open Educational Resources (OER) and Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). Nevertheless, the current focus is different from the past.

This article is the start of a series to contribute to a better grasp of the complexity that Open Education is covering. It is a challenge as it is not an empirical article but philosophical argumentation: It discusses the question whether MOOCs can be considered as OER.

Open Education and OER can be seen and treated as two strands with different developments even though, in theory, OER belongs to Open Education. Different OER definitions and typologies are analyzed and compared in relation to their dimensions and categorizations. Furthermore, the four conditions and two original types of MOOCs are discussed leading to a debate on their quality.

It turns out that there are two perspectives of MOOCs: From the OER point of view, MOOCs as a product can be called an OER if they are fulfilling the OER definition and requirements. From the Open Education point of view, MOOCs are going beyond OER as enablers of Open Education understood as innovative concept and methodology for changing education towards collaborative and moderated learning experiences.

That is reflected by the dimensions of the introduced OpenEd Quality Framework and is confirming the need of the two distinctions.

Therefore the short answer to our leading question: "Are MOOCs Open Educational Resources?" is: sometimes and it depends from the perspective that you take.
For the full answer: Have a look into our extended article that was accepted for Open Praxis and will be published soon! (Afterwards you can retrieve it from here: www.opening-up.education )


Speakers
avatar for Christian M. Stracke

Christian M. Stracke

ICDE Chair in OER and Associate Professor for Open Education, Open University of the Netherlands
Dr. Christian M. Stracke is ICDE Chair in OER and Associate Professor for Open Education at the Welten Institute of the Open University of the Netherlands (OUNL) (www.ou.nl/web/welten-institute). In addition he is Advisory Professor at the East China Normal University (ECNU) in Shanghai... Read More →
avatar for Stephen Downes

Stephen Downes

National Research Council Canada
Stephen Downes works in the fields of online learning and new media. Downes has explored and promoted the educational use of computer and online technologies since 1995 and continues to focus on researching how educators approach internet-based education. His major goal for the future... Read More →
GC

Grainne Conole

Dublin City University
avatar for Daniel Burgos

Daniel Burgos

Director Research Institute UNIR iTED, Universidad Internacional de la Rioja (UNIR)
Prof. Dr. Daniel Burgos works as Vice-rector for Knowledge Transfer & Technology (http://transfer.unir.net), UNESCO Chair on eLearning and ICDE Chair in OER (http://research.unir.net/unesco) at Universidad Internacional de La Rioja (UNIR, http://www.unir.net). He is also Director... Read More →
avatar for Fabio Nascimbeni

Fabio Nascimbeni

Assistant Professor, Universidad Internacional de La Rioja
I work as assistant professor in the Universidad Internacional de La Rioja (UNIR), and I am a senior fellow of of the European Distance and eLearning Network (EDEN) and a fellow of the Centro de Estudos Sociedade e Tecnologia of the University of Sao Paulo (Brazil) and of the Nexa... Read More →


Wednesday November 27, 2019 10:45 - 11:15
BL28 ground floor classroom - Presentations